Welcome to Harlands Community
Primary & Nursery School


The National Curriculum for Science


Science Intent

At Harlands Primary School, we believe in the importance of Science in primary education and we aim to encourage children to develop their scientific thinking and knowledge through hands on exploration and experimentation with children beginning to understand science capital. Where relevant science skills and knowledge is linked to the term’s theme to give, a real relevance to the children’s learning. This cohesive approach leads children to enjoy new scientific discoveries, inspiring them and equipping them with the skills to shape how we live in our rapidly changing society.

Science Principles

As a school, we have written a set of principles for the children to follow and develop in their science lessons. These are:

Learning is engaging, exciting and fun.

Child led questioning is encouraged.

It is practical and is evidenced in creative ways.

Includes the use of scientific language and conventions.

It takes account of prior knowledge and learning.

The learning includes a variety of scientific enquiry types.

It is relevant as they can make links and place it within their learning.

Science at Home

Science doesn’t just have to happen in the classroom at school. There are plenty of activities your children can engage with at home.

Try these YouTube channels for aspiring scientists:



National Geographic kids


Easy experiments you can support your children with at home:


BirdBox Project

Some of the children have been learning about birds and their habitats. We decided to have a closer look.

Progression in Science

Nursery Science

Reception Science

  1. Ask questions

  2. Talk about what is being done in order to answer their questions

  3. Make observations

  4. Talk about why things happen

  5. Talk about changes

  1. Explore the natural world around them, making observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants;

  2. Know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them and contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read in class;

  3. Understand some important processes and changes in the natural world around them, including the seasons and changing states of matter.

Year 1 Science

Year 2 Science

  1. Ask simple questions

  2. Recognise that questions can be answered in different ways

  3. Perform simple tests

  1. Use observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions

  2. Carry out pre-planned investigations – with support

Year 3 Science

Year 4 Science

  1. Ask relevant questions

  2. Start to make predictions

  3. Use different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions

  4. Set up simple practical enquiries

  5. Set up simple comparative tests

  1. Make sensible predictions

  2. Suggest possible further questions

  3. Use straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions and support their findings

  4. Set up fair tests

  5. Identify differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes

Year 5 Science

Year 6 Science

  1. Use test results to make appropriate, linked predictions and ask further questions

  2. Recognise when other sources of information (secondary sources) will help answer questions that cannot be answered through practical investigations

  3. Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions – including recognising and controlling variables where necessary

  4. Suggest sensible improvements to experiments

  1. Make predictions for new values

  2. Use a range of sources to support own evidence and talk about how scientific ideas have developed over time

  3. Evaluate the reliability of their methods and suggest improvements

  4. Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

  5. Set up further comparative and fair tests in response to results